Людмила Никифорова, Михаил Кизилов. Крымский период в жизни американской писательницы Айн Рэнд (Алисы Розенбаум)

Crimean Period in the Biography of the American Writer, Ayn Rand (Alisa Rosenbaum)

By Ludmila Nikiforova, Mikhail Kizilov

( Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen)

Source: Judaica Ukrainica 1 (2012): 287-313

Publication date: December 1, 2012

Publication type: article

Language: Russian

Full text:

 

Abstract

The article is dedicated to the Crimean period in the life of Alisa Zinov’evna Rosenbaum (1905–1982), more known by her pen name, Ayn Rand. The article is largely based on archival data discovered in the Russian and Crimean archives, rare periodicals published in the Crimea from 1917 to 1920, and on the memoires of Ayn Rand and people who knew her during her life-time. In Autumn 1918, the Rosenbaums left their house in Petrograd in order to find a shelter from the Russian revolution in the south, which was still in the hands of the White Army. Having spent some time in Odessa at the beginning of 1919 they moved to Eupatoria in the Crimea, where they stayed until Summer 1921. There Alisa Rosenbaum, the future Ayn Rand, graduated from local high school № 4 and for a while worked as a Russian language teacher for illiterate Red Army soldiers. In spite of the fact that the position of the Rosenbaums in Eupatoria was rather miserable from the economic standpoint, the authors of the article argue that it was the stay in the Crimea that shaped Alisa Rosenbaum’s worldviews, which later became basis for her future career of a writer and philosopher.

 

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